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In Parocha v Parocha, 2018 CO 41, the Colorado Supreme Court considered whether a trial court has jurisdiction to issue a civil protection order (aka "restraining order") against a non-resident who was harassing a Colorado resident.

Wife, who was a victim of some horrendous domestic violence, including sexual and physical abuse, moved to Colorado to get away from Husband, the perpetrator. Husband consented to the move, but only for three months, and when Wife, at the end of the three months, announced she was staying, engaged in harassing behavior, threatening her to try to coerce her to move back.

The trial court, considering all of the evidence, including the abuse which occured out of state, issued the protection order. The Supreme Court upheld that on appeal, finding that as long as some of the complained of conduct was directed at a Colorado resident, the courts had a sufficient basis for jurisdiction over a non-resident: "[W]e hold that an out-of-state party’s harassment of, threatening of, or attempt to coerce an individual known by the non-resident to be located in Colorado is a tortious act sufficient to establish personal jurisdiction under our long-arm statute." ¶17

Furthermore, jurisdiction was appropriate under the U.S. Constitution. By causing adverse effects in Colorado, Husband reasonably should have concluded he would be hauled into court here, so the exercise of jurisdiction over him comported with "traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice." ¶22.

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